Community means, a group of people living together, sharing common interest, having sense ofbelongingness. Community life depends upon some kinds of face to face communication/interaction among the members.
Elements of Community:
A group of people
No legal status
Types of Community:
1. Rural Community:Rural Community means a group of rural people, having belongingness, sharing their emotions living in a specific locality within a village.
Rural Community is consists of rural people who are generally depends on agriculture.
Objectives of Rural Community:
To improve the living standards by providing food, shelter, clothing, employment and education
To increase productivity in Rural areas and reduce poverty
To involve people in planning and development through decentralization of administration
To ensure distributive justice and equalization of opportunities in the society
Characteristics of Rural Community:
Rural Community is mainly depends on agriculture
Rural communities are relatively more homogeneous
Relationships are not means to end type
It have their own culture and tradition
There have limited jobs
Depends on internal/natural resources
Rural Community is regulated by village Panch
2.Urban Community:Urban Community means a group of people, having belongingness, sharing their emotion, live in a particular area in city.
Objectives of Urban Community:
To improve adequate support service to the slum dwellers
To reduce the ecological breakdown
To organize family welfare programmes to control population growth
To make plans for reduction of chronic diseases as HIV/AIDS, TB and Laprosy etc.