Tuesday, 22 April 2014

Family Crisis & Crisis Intervention

Crisis is a stressful event which has come accidentally. Crisis is defined as a situation in which the individual may perceive the stress factors or hazardous event as a threat.

Family Crisis:Family crisis means some stressful events come accidentally to a family. At the time of Family crisis, a person alone can’t cope up with the situation, whatever the situation but everyone have to face it. At the time of crisis a person need help from the all family members and not try to handle things alone. Going through a family crisis is one of the worst situation that any family can go through. Family is one of the most controversial social institution which face numbers of crisis.

Types of Family crisis :
  1. Family crisis related to Individual
  2. Family crisis related to Child bearing
  3. Related to Marital problem
  4. Abuse and violence
  5. Conflict with other systems
  6. Family deprivation
1. Family crisis related to individual:
  • Individual with disabled
  • Chronically/terminally ill
  • Psychopathic personality
  • Substance abuse
  • Unemployment
  • Illiteracy
  • Disability
  • Alcoholism
2. Family crisis related to child:
  • Infertility
  • Unwed Motherhood
  • Infanticide
  • Psycho-somatic problem of child
3. Related to marital problem:
  • Marital disharmony
  • Domestic violence
  • Dowry torture
  • Polygyny
4. Abuse and violence:
  • Child abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Teapism
5. Conflict with other system:
  • Family with poverty
  • Disease due to lack of sanitation
6. Deprivation:
  • Destitute women
  • Destitute children
  • Destitute adult and aged
Crisis Intervention:
A therapy/intervention which has given to a family to deal with some crisis to make free from that problem is called Crisis Intervention.

Methods of Crisis intervention:
  1. Immediate focus on the crisis situation
  2. Discuss about the current situation
  3. Make an attempt to partialise the situation
  4. Identify the specific problem with which the client is struggling
  5. Make the concrete crisis meeting activities