Child Labour is one of the major problems which India is facing though there are clear provisions in our Constitution to safeguard the interest of the children. According to the International Labour Organization almost one billion children are working for their survival/ The United Nation Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimates that in India there are more than 35 million child labourers, accounting for 14% of children in the 5-14 years age group.
Based on the recommendations of Gurupadswamy Committee the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act was enacted in 1986. The Act prohibits the employment of children in certain specified hazardous occupations. In consonance with the above approach a National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987.
Salient points in different Plan period
Expansion of NCLP to additional 150 districts under 10th Plan period
Reinforced action to eliminate child labour in the hazardous occupations
Linking the child labour elimination efforts with the scheme of SarvaShikshaAbhiyan to ensure that children (5-8 years) get directly admitted to regular schools.
On the 11th Plan period, establishment of Central Monitoring Committee (CMC) on Child Labour has also recommended to eliminate child labour