Wednesday, 16 April 2014

Research design in social research



The term ’design’ means drawing an outline or planning or arranging details. It is a process of making decisions before the situation arises in which the decision has to be carried out. Research design is planning a strategy of conducting research. It plans as to what is to be observed, how it is to be observed, when/where it is to be observed, why it is to be observed, how to record observation, how to analyze/interpret observations and how to generalize. Research design is, thus, a detailed plan of how the goals of research will be achieved.
Functions of research design    
  • It provides blueprint 
  • It limits boundaries of research activity 
  • It enables investigation to anticipate potential problems 
Characteristics of research design
  • Researcher should know what is the time to collect data
  • Researchers should know what is the research situation, i.e., individuals, groups, communities, organizations will be of his interest and how are these varied situations to be interrelated ? 
  • Researcher know when does study involves chan

  Phases in research design
  • Specifying the problem/topic to be studied 
  • Framing research design 
  • Planning a sample 
  • Collecting the data 
  • Analyzing the data 
  • Preparing the report 

Advantages of designing research
  • Research can be conducted on scientific basis since precise guideline is provided by advance designing, carrying research in right direction and reducing inaccuracies 
  • Wastage of time and money is minimized 
  • Optimum reliability is achieved 
  • Designing helps in giving useful conclusions