Large scale exploitation of children for a free or cheap labor has been a bane of Independent India. In India the estimates range from 20 million to 10 million children are engaged in a variety of industries, mines, dhaba as carpet making, plastic and rope weaving, diamond cutting, biscuit making.
It is estimated that from every 24 people, 18 are children who died in hunger in every one minute in India and so that hunger is called as a reason for making a child 'labor'. The employment of children act, 1986, the factories act, 1948 are to prevent child from the hazardous work.
According to the child labor act-2006, "No child below the age of 14, should work in any hazardous place, dhaba, hotel or working as a domestic servant .
Other rules as: No person, including a parent or guardian shall employ any child in any employment. No person, including a parent or guardian shall deprive any child from access to education by employing the child in any work. If any person employs any child for any work— (i) if he is the parent or guardian of the child, he shall be punished with a fine of rupees five thousand; and (ii) if he is in charge of any factory, establishment or organisation, he shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend up to seven years and a fine of rupees fifty thousand. The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to and not in derogation of any other law for the time being in force relating to child labor.