Tuesday, 3 December 2013

Socialization

The process by which an individual develops through
interaction with other people, his specific patterns of
socially relevant behaviour and experience is called
‘socialization’. It is the family’s primary responsibility
to socialize children into the norms of the society.
In all human groups, the family is an important agent
of socialization. It has a flexible human relationships
in which family members interact informally and deal
with common concerns in mutual respect and love. The
family teaches the child his or her first lessons in social
living and helps him or her form basic attitude patterns,
ideals and style of life. It creates feelings of social
responsibility and teaches the importance of cooperation
and mutual respect.
The human child possesses a tendency towards
imitation and the family provides informal conditions
where customs and traditions can be learnt through
imitation. Accordingly, the child’s personality is formed
and a social identity develops. Socialization develops
the child’s ability to control himself or herself and
realizes his or her responsibility towards the family,
community and the society at large.
Socialization in the Family
The family plays the most important role in the
individual’s socialization. The child finds much to learn
in the behaviour of his family members, parents,
relatives, and friends. He imitates them in their
mannerisms, behaviour, cliches, etc. He tries to avoid
such activities which result in punishment or which
are considered bad in the family. It is the family
environment that forms his good habits and it is in the
family that he acquires criminal tendencies.
Need for Socialization
The question why is socialization necessary for the
development of an individual is best answered by the
example of the human beings who were for some reason,
nurtured outside society. Human beings of this kind
are described by Gessell in his work “Wolf children and
Human Children” and by Davis in his essays. In 1920,
in India two,children were found in a wolf den, of which
one was eight years old and the other a couple of years
younger. The second died after the lapse of only a few
months while the first continued to live for six years.
She was named KamIn, This girl was completely
innocent of the modes and behaviour of human
behaviour. She walked on all fours, growled like a wolf
and could not speak. She became nervous at the sight
of human beings as any undomesticated animals are
bound to be. In this way, due to the absence of
socialization she possesed none of the characteristics
of human beings save for her bodily structure. She was
taught to speak, wear clothes and eat. In this way, she
could learn some human behaviour due to the influence
of socialization after a period of some years.
The self of the individual develops primarily because of
socialization. Every social relationship of the individual
contributes to this process of socialization. The problem
of man’s socialization is very complex and it has not yet
been completely solved in any human society. In the
words of Davis, “The improvement of socialization offers
one of the greatest possibilities for the future alteration

of human nature and human society”.