Human society is not an external phenomenon but
exists solely in the minds of its members. The human
infant comes into the world as a biological organism
with animal needs. He is gradually moulded into a
social being and he learns social ways of acting and
feeling. Without this process of moulding the society
could not continue itself, nor could culture exist, nor
could the individual become a person. This process of
moulding is called ‘socialisation’. It is through the
process of socialisation that an individual becomes a
social person and attains personality.
Socialisation involves inducting the individual into the
social and cultural world, of making him a particular
member in society and its various groups and inducting
him to accept the norms and values of that society.
Socialisation is a matter of learning that enables the
learner to perform social roles.