Tuesday, 3 December 2013

Gandhian Ideology and Sarvodaya Movement

Gandhiji’s value system has moulded the social policy
of the government of India since the achievement of
independence. His efforts are reflected in adoption of
constitution guaranteeing freedom of conscience,
worship, speech and expression and prohibited
discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste or
sex; political-administrative consolidation of the
country; progress towards a welfare state focussing
on the problems of social welfare and a thorough
examination of issues associated with them.
Sarvodaya and Social Welfare
Gandhiji conceptualized social welfare as Sarvodaya
meaning “the well being of all in all phases of life”. In the
same time he paid special emphasis on the welfare of
the lowest, humblest-underprivileged such as Harijan,
women, destitute, rural folk. His constructive
programme nor only emphasizes the well being of all
but also deals with all aspects of individual, social and
national life.
Mahatma Gandhi while advocating the cause of social
reform and dedicating himself to eradication of all
social evils, indirectly brought in specific plans of
action. He promoted inter group relations, created
favorable public opinion, launched mass programmes
and induced changes at a mass level. Gandhiji’s
philosophy was based on dignity and worth of individual.
He believed in the dignity of labour and the right of all
people to earn a livelihood. He did not impose his views
on other people, but showed understanding and love
for them.
The main stay of ‘Sarvodaya’, emphasized the values
of Swarajya and Lokniti, that is people have to govern
themselves in order to obtain equity and justice. This
philosophy accepted that people are knowledgeable
workers being interested at one and the same time in
social reform and in helping the individual adjust to
his present circumstances. Gandhiji, thus played a
significant role in preparing the intellectual climate

for the growth of professional social work in India.