The process of industrialization on one hand contributed to peace and prosperity of nation but on the other hand it has also created many social and personal problems, previously these problems were sorted by individuals in there private capacity but now with the advancement in the field of industrialization. These problems were tackled with the organized effort.
Individual is powerless and in unable to barging regarding his interest. While strength and power lies in unity, association and collective action which leads to formation of trade union, through trade unions employees can defend their rights and achieve improvements. Trade unions have been developed to protect employees against exploitation of employers and provide equitable shares to employees in the profit occurring out of production, to raise their status in industry and society. The basis of trade union movement has always been the promotion and protection of employee’s interest. According to section 2(b) of trade union act of 1926, “A trade union is any combination of persons, whether temporary of permanent, primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workers and employers or between workers and workers and for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business.” The term trade union is defined in different ways in different countries. In Indiaterm ‘trade union’ according to the trade union act of the country refers to both employees organization as well as employers association. In Britain, Trade union refers to the association of professional people such as artists federation, musician union etc. In USSR, before the breakup as per article 151 of the Soviet Labour Court, a trade union was conceived as “an association of producers in which citizens, institution and business are organized.” Trade union can be defined as a continuous and voluntary association of the salary or wage earners and engaged in industry or trade form for safeguarding the interest of its members, improving the living conditions of the workers, raising their social status and promoting their vocational interest.