Saturday, 10 May 2014

Juvenile Deliquency a social problem

Delinquency exhibits a specific pattern of behavior. It involves wrong doing by a child or by a young person who is under age specified by the law of the place. 

At present it has become one of the most important social problems which has attracted the attention of all serious thinking people.


It’s thus evident from the above observation that a child who commits an offence is called Juvenile delinquent. It includes begging, disorderly conducts, malicious mischief and ungovernable behavior.

Difference names for Juvenile delinquents
"Teddy boys” in England, the "nozem" in the Netherland, "tsotsis" in South Africa, the "bodgies" in Australia, "striliagy" in the USSR has named for delinquency in different countries.

Definition
According to Gillin & Gillin, “Sociologically either a criminal or juvenile delequent is one who is guilty of an act believed, by a group that has power to enforce its belief, to be injurious to society and therefore prohibited.”

Causes of Juvenile Delinquency
  • Social factors
  • Economic factors
  • Psychological factors

Social factors
The determining factors of child delinquency are social. As observed by Dr.M.J.Sethna, undesirable conditions at home, particularly quarrels between parents, desertion, intoxication, crowding in one room lodgings, lack of proper employment, lack of proper sanitation, cruelty of step parent, unwanted child, lack of families, lack of family affection and security, absence of loving mother causes delinquency.

Economic factors
Crime increase with economic depression and unemployment and that crime against property are more common in a capitalistic organization of society.

Psychological factors
The emotional disturbances and mental deviation created due to family dispute, family disorganization, parental negligence, bad environment and bad friend circle. Lack of affection and insecurity are also create mental conflict.

Main causes of delinquency
According to Healy and Bronner the main causes of delinquency are as follows
  1. Bad company
  2. Adolescent instability
  3. Mental conflict
  4. Early sex experience
  5. Emotional conflicts
  6. Social suggestibility
  7. Motion pictures
  8. Poor recreation
  9. Vocational dissatisfaction
  10. Physical condition

After necessary inquiry
When a Juvenile is after necessary inquiry satisfied that a Juvenile has committed an offence, it may
  • Allow the Juvenile to go home after advice or admonition
  • Direct the juvenile to be released on probation of good conduct and place under the care of parent/ guardian/ fit person
  • Order for the Juvenile to be sent to a special home
  • Order the juvenile to pay fine if she/he is over fourteen years age and earn money