The concept of industrial relations was developed with the industrial revolution.
Prior to this it was considered master and servant relationship
The workers were considered and treated like any other commodity which could be easily purchased and replaced.
Wages and conditions of services were poor and this situation was not only in India but also in England and other European countries.
The term Industrial Relations comprise Industry and relations. Industry means and productive activity in which and individual is engaged and relations mean the relation that exists in the industry between employer and its workman.
Definitions of Industrial Relation:
As per J. Henry Richardson
"Industrial Relation is an art, the art of living together for purposes of production."
Analysis of Industrial Relations:
Industrial relations are the relations which are the outcome of the employment relationship in an industrial enterprise.
Every industrial relations system creates a complex of rules and regulations to govern the work place and work community.
The main purpose of this complex is to maintain harmonious relations between labour and management by solving their problems through collective bargaining.
The government/state shapes industrial relations with the help of law, rules, agreements, awards of the courts.