Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Status of Twenty Point Programme in india

The Twenty Point Programme (TPP) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1975 and restructured in 1982, 1986. Over the years, the need for restructuring the Programme has been felt in the light of achievements and experiences, as well as the introduction of several new policies and programmes by the Government of India.  The restructured programme, known as Twenty Point Programme (TPP) – 2006, became operational with effect from 1st April, 2007.  The programmes and schemes under the TPP-2006 are in harmony with the priorities contained in the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations and SAARC Social Charter.  It renews the nation’s commitment to eradicating poverty, raising productivity, reducing income inequalities and removing social and economic disparities.
A system of monthly progress reporting has been established in term of selected items under TPP-2006 to assess the progress of achievements as per format prescribed by the Govt. of India and is being sent to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. Out of twenty points nine points are exclusively intended for the development of the rural sector but all the twenty points are equally important and should not be considered as meant for one sector or other.
The programme has four major objectives: -
  • Stepping of capacity, utilization to raise production and productivity in the farm and factory.
  • Spread the benefit of the development evenly with a view to promote socio-economic justice by measuring that the basic requirements in regard to food, clothing and shelter medical care and education and reasonably met.
  • Promote socially desirable programme like family planning forestry, development of alternative energy resources and
  • Curb antisocial tendencies.
Twenty Point Programme (TPP) – 2006 originally consisted of 20 Points  and 66 items being monitored individually by Central Nodal Ministries concerned. Up to 2007-08, out of 66 items, 22 items were monitored on monthly basis. From 1st April, 2008 Sampoorna Grameen Rojgar Yojana (SGRY) has been merged with another item namely “National Rural Employment Guarantee Act” which has now termed as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act from 31st December, 2009 therefore, SGRY has been dropped from the list of 66 items and only 65 items are now monitored under TPP-2006 since 2008-09.
List of 20 Points
  1. Poverty Eradication
  2. Power to People
  3. Support to Farmers
  4. Labour Welfare
  5. Food Security
  6. Housing for All
  7. Clean Drinking Water
  8. Health for All
  9. Education for All
  10. Welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Minorities and OBCs
  11. Women Welfare
  12. Child Welfare
  13. Youth Development
  14. Improvement of Slums
  15. Environment Protection and Afforestation
  16. Social Security
  17. Rural Roads
  18. Energisation of Rural Area
  19. Development of backward Areas
  20. IT Enabled e-Governance
This Programme actually is meant to give a thrust to schemes relating to poverty alleviation, employment generation in rural areas, housing, education, family welfare & health, protection of environment and many other schemes having a bearing on the quality of life, especially in the rural areas.
The call for people’s participation should be emphasized to achieve all available knowledge that is relevant to make our economy on the move. While giving an agenda for the people for development the Government should specify a time bound plan a systematic proposal for monitoring the progress and evaluation. The government should provide for fool proof machinery for constant monitoring execution and assessment of the results accruing from the implementation of the each point. It is necessary to spell out the mechanics of operation so that the voluntary agencies and the people’s institution can play a very vital role in complementing and supplementing the national agenda.
The twenty programme has a creative opportunity for both the political and economic development. Economic development and politics are very much intertwined and it is always the latter determines the choice of development model. Hence, the success of twenty point programme depends on the political awareness of the party and the people to establish a truly democratic, socialistic and sovereign republic.